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Can the mind recover after boxers and MMA fighters stop fighting?

knockout punch
Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Boxers and mixed fighting techinques (MMA) fighters could see some recovery within their thinking and memory skills and also brain structure once they stop fighting, in accordance with a fresh study published in the September 14, 2022, online problem of Neurology.

“Repetitive hits to the top increase the threat of long-term neurologic conditions like chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), cognitive and behavior problems and parkinsonism,” said study author Aaron Ritter, MD, of Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health in NEVADA, Nevada. “However, we haven’t known what goes on to those who have been fighting and stop fighting. The good thing is we saw some improvement in thinking and memory scores in these retired fighters.”

For the analysis, researchers identified 45 male retired fighters who hadn’t competed in 2 yrs, having an average age of 32, including 22 boxers, 22 MMA fighters and something martial artist. In addition they identified 45 male active fighters, having an average age of 30, including 17 boxers, 27 mixed martial artists and something martial artist. The groups were matched for age, education, race, and amount of fights at the start of the analysis.

All fighters had a specialist fight inside a year of the beginning of the analysis. However, retired fighters then went 2 yrs without the fights while active fighters continued to take part in professional fights.

Over 3 years, all fighters had brain scans and completed tests to observe how well their brains were working at the both beginning and the finish of the analysis. Researchers also viewed participants’ fighting histories. 1 / 2 of the participants also had blood tests for a biological marker of brain injury called neurofilament light chain, an element of nerve fibers which can be detected in the blood once the fibers are injured.

The participants also took tests to measure verbal memory, executive functioning, motor speed and processing speed.

In the regions of verbal memory, motor speed and processing speed, the retired fighters had improvements within their scores as time passes, as the active fighters’ scores were stable or showed subtle declines.

For verbal memory, researchers used scores from an FDA approved thinking and behavior test with higher scores indicating better memory. They discovered that as time passes, retired fighters normally had a rise of three points whereas active fighters had the average loss of two points.

Researchers also found different patterns of change as time passes between retired and active fighters in the capability to detect and react to rapid changes in the surroundings and just how long it takes to perform tasks.

For neurofilament light chain levels, retired fighters showed a reduction in levels within their blood right away to the finish of the analysis, while active fighters remained stable through the entire study.

Researchers also measured brain thickness in the regions of the mind that control emotion, memory, and executive function, that is a person’s capability to plan, focus, and manage multiple tasks. Out of 68 regions measured, 54 regions had a consistently changing trajectory, with thickness measures stabilizing for retired fighters and subtly declining as time passes for active fighters.

“The outcomes of the study suggest a recovery of in fighters that are no longer subjected to repetitive hits to the top,” said Ritter. “Future research is required to determine if there exists a amount of time in a fighter’s career where recovery is less inclined to happen or even to identify factors that may indicate greater risk for creating a .”

A limitation of the analysis was the shortcoming to look for the exact amount of repetitive head hits each participant sustained. Many head impacts occur during training, and there is absolutely no generally accepted method of measuring them. This study also looked only at male fighters.



Citation: Can the mind recover after boxers and MMA fighters stop fighting? (2022, September 14) retrieved 14 September 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-09-brain-recover-boxers-mma-fighters.html

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