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CDC updates monkeypox guidance after dog tests positive in 1st suspected human-to-pet case

The CDC updated its monkeypox help with pets following a new study reported a dog tested positive for the herpes virus in France.

Why it matters: Monkeypox infection among domesticated animals, such as for example cats and dogs, had never previously been reported, note researchers from Sorbonne University in the study, published in The Lancet medical journal.

  • Rosamund Lewis, the World Health Organization’s lead on monkeypox, told the Washington Post Monday the case of the Italian greyhound marked “the initial incident that we’re studying where there’s human to animal transmission.”

Yes, but: Scientists have no idea if the four-year-old male greyhound in the analysis or any dog can transmit the infection to other people, per Lewis.

Be smart: “That is a good example where most pets will never be at risk. It could only be those people who are actually in family members of someone whos infected,” Lewis said in her interview with WashPost.

  • The analysis demands further investigation on secondary transmissions via pets, noting: “Our findings should prompt debate on the necessity to isolate pets from monkeypox virus-positive individuals.”

Driving the news headlines: The greyhound in Paris tested positive 12 days following the two men it lived with had first displayed symptoms. The dog’s symptoms included lesions and pustules on its abdomen, alongside an ulceration, based on the researchers.

  • Medical workers matched the infection of 1 of the men to the main one detected in your dog via DNA analysis.
  • The couple reported co-sleeping making use of their pet, “but have been careful to avoid their dog from connection with other pets or humans from the onset of these own symptoms,” the analysis notes.
  • “To the very best of our knowledge, the kinetics of symptom onset in both patients and, subsequently, within their dog suggest human-to-dog transmission of monkeypox virus,” per the analysis, that was published the other day.

What they’re saying: “Infected animals can spread Monkeypox virus to people, in fact it is possible that those who are infected can spread Monkeypox virus to animals through close contact,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states in its guidance.

  • “While we have no idea all of the symptoms infected animals could have, watch the pet for potential signs of illness including lethargy, insufficient appetite, coughing, nasal secretions or crust, bloating, fever, and/or pimple- or blister-like skin rash.”

Of note: Monkeypox is transmitted through close, prolonged connection with an infected individual.

  • In endemic countries, only wildlife (rodents and primates) have already been found to transport monkeypox virus,” though transmission has been reported in prairie dogs in the U.S. and captive primates in Europe, per the Sorbonne University study.

The picture as a whole: The WHO declared monkeypox a worldwide emergency last month, since it spread to a lot more than 70 countries.

Go deeper… U.K. agency: people who have monkeypox should avoid connection with pets

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