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Craft brewers latest challenge: A skin tightening and shortage


At fault may be the dreaded phrase “supply chain problems.”

The shortage recently impacted Everett’s Night Shift Brewing. Pat Greenhouse / The Boston Globe

By Emily Heil and Tim Carman, Washington Post

IPAs and lagers arent the one thing brewing at craft beer manufacturers come early july theres trouble in the making, too, with a shortage of skin tightening and causing rising prices and slowdowns in production.

At fault may be the dreaded phrase supply chain problems, a familiar pandemic-era woe that in cases like this covers a variety of problems, from increased seasonal demand to contamination of an integral supplier.

To veterans of the, the CO2 shortage is nothing new. This past year, Alewerks Brewing Company had to turn off production for weekly due to a limited way to obtain the gas, said Michael Claar, operations director at the brewery located in Williamsburg, Virginia. Claar wasnt sure what caused that shortage.

Alewerks has had the opportunity to obtain CO2 this season, but it has a cost: a 20% surcharge on deliveries of the gas, Claar said. Its yet another price increase among many for breweries, which are coping with across-the-board inflation on everything had a need to produce and package beer: barley, hops, bottles, labels you name it. Alewerks has been attempting to absorb most of the costs, although brewery expects to improve its prices this season.

Simply for at this time, we make an effort to weather it, Claar said.

Breweries depend on CO2 not only for all those bubbles that beer-drinkers expect, but also for moving beer between tanks or even to kegs and canning lines, also to purge oxygen from tanks. Warm and flat isn’t where its at, noted Bob Pease, the president and CEO of the Brewers Association, which represents small and independent craft breweries. Its an integral ingredient.

Shortages began in mid-2020, he said, when production of ethanol which carbon dioxide is really a byproduct slowed as more folks stayed home. Come early july, though, the thing is more acute, he says.

Increasing the thing is the contamination of a niche site in Jackson Dome, Mississippi, that is among the countrys largest CO2 producers, the Brewers Association wrote in its July newsletter. There, raw gas from the mine reduced the quantity of food-grade CO2 available. Another factor is planned and unplanned maintenance shutdowns at several ammonia plants which are key producers of CO2, the association said, and also the usual higher demand in summertime. Thats partly due to higher sales of beer and soda in warmer temperatures, and in addition due to butterfly-wing-like effects like a dependence on more dry ice which also uses CO2 in its production.

Many breweries are reporting spikes in the expense of CO2, Pease said, plus some arent in a position to get just as much as they want. Were hearing from individuals who their CO2 supplier called saying, We were likely to deliver 100 pounds, but were only likely to have the ability to deliver 40, he said. So that they may need to alter their production schedule and the outcome of that could possibly be shortages of beer if this persists.

Still, he hopes the supply problem will undoubtedly be resolved in 30 to 90 days.

The shortage hasnt impacted all breweries, however. Some smaller producers have, up to now, remained immune. Warren Stanko, head brewer at Chattanooga Brewing Co. in Tennessee, have not seen any interruption to his way to obtain CO2, though he produces no more than 2,000 barrels of beer each year in comparison to, say, the 9,275 barrels produced annually at Alewerks.

For microbreweries, however, even small price increases could be hard to soak up in this stage of the pandemic. Christopher Gandsy, the founder, chef and head brewer at DaleView Biscuits and Beer in Brooklyn, says he was proud he had no debt when he opened his business in 2018. However when the pandemic hit, Gandsy had to obtain an Economic Injury Disaster Loan from the tiny Business Administration. The $90,000 loan only increases the economic pressures he already faces, like the rising costs of water and electricity.

Gandsy hasnt had to refill his 200-pound CO2 tank because the shortage hit the. But even then, he previously to cover about 10% a lot more than he did a couple of months earlier. Hes type of bracing for the price tag on CO2 come September, when he will need to refill the tank.

Most raw material disruptions have a disproportionate effect on a segments smallest players so yes, the CO2 shortage is disproportionately affecting small/craft brewers, Pease told The Post. Large brewers also could have a technology called carbon capture at their breweries that helps insulate them from supply disruption.

The recurring skin tightening and shortage has a minumum of one smaller brewery considering methods to capture the CO2 naturally produced through the fermentation process. Alewerks is studying the chance, said Claar, the operations director. Its a not just a cheap process, he said, nonetheless it may help offset Alewerkss CO2 needs.

Predicated on everything thats happening now, we need to dive in, Claar said.

The Brewers Association issued guidelines for brewers to greatly help them obtain the most out of these skin tightening and, including making certain there arent leaks within their lines. Pease says brewers have gotten used to being dealt setbacks: earlier this season, Ball Corp., the largest supplier of cans, increased its minimum order fivefold, causing many breweries to search out different suppliers, often at an increased cost. Other hits have included increased charges for labor, transportation, along with other ingredients.

Our members have faced an extended string of challenges, and we’ve found methods to overcome many of them, he said. We shall make an effort to help our members overcome that one.

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