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EXPLAINER: What things to find out about polio spreading in NY

EXPLAINER: What to know about polio spreading in New York
This 1964 microscope image offered by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows damage from the polio virus to human spinal-cord tissue. On Friday, Aug. 12, 2022, health officials in the nations largest city said that they had found the herpes virus in wastewater samples, suggesting the herpes virus was spreading on the list of unvaccinated. Credit: Dr. Karp/Emory University/CDC via AP, File

The polio virus has been within NEW YORK sewage, but officials are stressing that the best risk is for those who haven’t been vaccinated.

Polio was once among the nation’s most feared diseases, with annual outbreaks causing a large number of cases of paralysis. Its elimination in the U.S., officially declared in 1979, is known as among the nation’s greatest public health victories. Yet cases have cropped up occasionally since that time, often among individuals who had traveled abroad.

Recently, an unvaccinated young adult north of NEW YORK contracted polio. On Friday, health officials in the country’s largest city said that they had found the herpes virus in wastewater samples, suggesting it had been spreading on the list of unvaccinated.

Here are a few information on polio and the vaccine:

SO HOW EXACTLY DOES POLIO SPREAD?

Polio is known as very contagious and spreads mostly from individual to individual, through and via fecal particles.

Health officials say the herpes virus can also spread through droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze, though that’s less common.

DO YOU KNOW THE SYMPTOMS?

Most infected folks have no visible symptoms. In regards to a quarter will endure a couple of days of flu-like symptoms, such as for example fever, , headache and nausea.

A part of people, however, will get much more serious illness. The herpes virus can infect someone’s , causing paralysis and perhaps permanent disability and death.

AREN’T MOST AMERICANS VACCINATED AGAINST POLIO?

Yes.

U.S. children remain routinely vaccinated against polio and the shots are believed to be impressive. Federal officials recommend four doses: to get at 2 months old; 4 months; at 6 to 18 months; and at age 4 through 6 years. Some states require only three doses.

Based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s latest data, about 93% of 2-year-olds had received at the very least three doses of polio vaccine.

EASILY AM VACCINATED AGAINST POLIO, DO I HAVE TO DO ANYTHING?

For many people, no.

Adults who have been fully vaccinated as children have protective antibodies within their blood for many years, based on the CDC. In a nationwide study of adults aged 40-49 in regards to a decade ago, around 90% had protective antibodies to the herpes virus.

Having said that, previously have recommended boosters in some instances, like for adults that are at increased threat of pressing the because of the travel or work.

WHAT MUST I DO EASILY AM UNVACCINATED?

Health advise that unvaccinated people obtain the shots. In NY, clinics have already been set up to help make the vaccines available.

Those who are unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated are in greatest threat of paralysis from polio. The individual in Rockland County who was simply identified as having paralytic polio was unvaccinated.



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Citation: EXPLAINER: What things to find out about polio spreading in NY (2022, August 12) retrieved 14 August 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-08-polio-york-1.html

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