It’s a banner year for insurgent House candidates: 2022 is posting the second-highest number of primary losses for House members since 1948.
Why it matters: Rising populism is weakening the shield of incumbency.
- As is often the case in redistricting years, the two Democrats were the victims of shifting district lines that pitted Maloney against a colleague and forced Jones to abandon his district.
By the numbers: To date, in this cycle, 14 House incumbents have failed to secure their party’s nomination.
- 2020 saw the most successful primary challenges in a non-redistricting year since 1974, suggesting this is part of a trend, not a one-off.
The big picture: The only year since the 1940s that saw more House primary losses than 2022 was 1992, when 19 incumbents lost renomination, according to data from Larry Sabato’s Crystal Ball.
- Many factors contributed to that 1992 record: A presidential election that swept Bill Clinton to power. Redistricting. The House Bank scandal. And lingering political impacts of recession.
Between the lines: Aside from redistricting, the bulk of this year’s losses can be attributed to two major clashes:
- Former President Trump’s effort to purge disloyalty from the GOP, especially those who voted for his impeachment like Reps. Liz Cheney (R-Wyo.), Tom Rice (R-S.C.) and Peter Meijer (R-Mich.).
- The struggle between progressive Democrats and the establishment, with moderates like Rep. Kurt Schrader (D-Ore.) and leftists like Andy Levin (D-Mich.) losing to their ideological foes.