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Science And Nature

Its Time to fully stop Dual-Booting Linux and Windows

Logos for Windows 11, Fedora Linux, Arch Linux, and Ubuntu Linux

Dual-booting is one method to install multiple os’s on a single computer. Unfortunately, Windows is making the practice more challenging than ever before.

Dual-booting (and triple-booting, and so forth) involves splitting a storage drive into multiple partitions, with one operating-system on each partition, and a boot loader which allows you to select from each operating-system at startup. In some instances, each operating-system needs other smaller partitions a minumum of one or two other partitions (like a swap area for Linux-based os’s). The technique is commonly utilized by people who desire to use Linux, but nonetheless have to keep Windows around for software or other tasks which are incompatible with Linux.

Windows hasn’t worked all that well with dual-booting with respect to the setup, it could sometimes overwrite a custom bootloader using its own when updating, or cause other problems. Recently, the BitLocker disk encryption scheme in Windows is a headache for dual-booting, because the contents of an encrypted disk arent accessible unless they’re unlocked first, which takes a backup key or setting up Windows.

Microsoft says in support pages that modern Windows devices are increasingly protected with BitLocker Device Encryption out from the box, plus some PCs even store BitLocker keys in the TPM module. The developers of Fedora Linux have already been discussing why thats an issue on the projects email list, saying the Bitlocker encryption key is unsealed only when the boot chain measurement by the TPM matches the expected values in a TPM PCR. When shim+GRUB come in the boot chain, as may be the case inside our default dual boot installation, the measurements are wrong, which means the GRUB menu entry on top of that Windows wont work. An individual is dropped to a Windows Bitlocker recovery page.

Ubuntu, another popular Linux distribution, in addition has noted issues with BitLocker disk encryption. A support article says, If you work with BitLocker, the hard disk drive contents will never be accessible, and they’ll appear as random noise. Which means that the Ubuntu installer cannot correctly map data, and the excess installation can’t be safely performed without data loss.

Despite the fact that BitLocker is a superb security feature, its clear Microsoft isnt rendering it possible for other os’s to exist on a single drive. At this stage, easy and simple solution would be to not use dual-boot at all consider adding a fresh drive to your personal computerand sticking with one operating-system per drive. Thats not necessarily an option, because so many laptops dont have room for a supplementary drive (as well as the capability to replace the initial drive), but its worth taking into consideration whenever possible. You can even install os’s to an easy external SSD. With a USB 3.0 or Thunderbolt connection, you shouldnt notice a lot of a speed difference.

The perfect solution is to conflicting software shouldn’t need to involve buying more hardware you possess your computer, and that means you should have the ability to use whatever os’s you need. Unfortunately, without more cooperation between Microsoft, PC manufacturers, and Linux developers, its becoming harder for Linux (along with other systems) to co-exist with Windows. Meanwhile, Linux support on Apples new ARM-based Mac computers is still in the first stages.

In the event that you anticipate using Linux on a PC constantly, rather than constantly switching backwards and forwards between Windows, among the best Linux laptops may be worth taking into consideration. Deleting Windows entirely from the PC that shipped with Windows also works, but computers built for Linux frequently have fewer driver problems. The Dell XPS 13 Plus is now certified for Ubuntu 22.04 (and optionally ships with it), and HP just released the Dev One together with System76, the developer of Pop!_OS Linux.

Source: Fedora Project

Via: Phoronix

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