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Osteoporosis is really a disease that weakens bones to the stage where they break easilymost often, bones in the hip, backbone (spine), and wrist. Osteoporosis is named a silent disease as you might not notice any changes until a bone breaks. Even while, though, your bones have been losing strength for several years.

Bone is living tissue. To help keep bones strong, the body reduces old bone and replaces it with new bone tissue. Sometime around age 30, bone mass stops increasing, and the target for bone health would be to keep just as much bone as you possibly can so long as it is possible to. As people enter their 40s and 50s, more bone could be divided than is replaced.

A detailed consider the within bone shows something similar to a honeycomb. If you have osteoporosis, the spaces in this honeycomb grow larger, and the bone that forms the honeycomb gets smaller. The outer shell of one’s bones also gets thinner. All this makes your bones weaker.

Who Has Osteoporosis? Risk Factors and Causes

Although osteoporosis can strike at any age, it really is most typical among the elderly, especially older women. Men likewise have this disease. White and Asian women are likely to possess osteoporosis. Other women at great risk include those that:

  • Have a family group history of broken bones or osteoporosis
  • Have broken a bone after age 50
  • Had surgery to eliminate their ovaries before their periods stopped
  • Had earlymenopause
  • Haven’t gotten enoughcalcium and/or vitamin Dthroughout their lives
  • Had extended bed rest or were physically inactive
  • Smoke(smokers may absorb less calcium from their diets)
  • Take certainmedications, including medicines forarthritisandasthmaplus some cancer drugs
  • Used certain medicines for a long period
  • Have a little body frame

The chance of osteoporosis grows as you obtain older. During menopause, women may lose bone quickly for quite some time. After that, losing decreases but continues. In men, the increased loss of bone mass is slower. But, by age 65 or 70, women and men are losing bone at exactly the same rate.

WHAT’S Osteopenia?

Whether your physician calls it osteopenia or low bone mass, contemplate it a warning. Bone loss has started, nevertheless, you can still do something to help keep your bones strong and perhaps prevent osteoporosis later in life. This way you will end up less inclined to break a wrist, hip, or vertebrae (bone in your spine) if you are older.

Can My Bones Be Tested?

For a lot of, the initial sign of osteoporosis would be to realize they’re getting shorter or even to break a bone easily. Dont wait until that occurs to see when you have osteoporosis. You could have a bone relative density test to discover how strong your bones are.

TheU.S. Preventive Services Task Forcerecommends that women aged 65 and older be screened (tested) for osteoporosis, in addition to women under age 65 that are at increased risk for an osteoporosis-related fracture.

A bone mineral density test compares your bone relative density to the bones of the average healthy young adult. The test result, referred to as a T-score, lets you know how strong your bones are, whether you have osteoporosis or osteopenia, as well as your risk for having a fracture.

HOW DO I Keep My Bones Strong? Preventing Osteoporosis

You can find things you need to do at any age to avoid weakened bones. Eating foodstuffs that are abundant withcalcium and vitamin Dis essential. So is regularweight-bearing exercise, such as for example weight training exercise, walking, hiking, jogging, climbing stairs, tennis, and dancing.

In case you have osteoporosis, avoid activities that involve twisting your spine or bending forward from the waist, such as for example conventional sit-ups, toe touches, or swinging a driver.

Those will be the best methods to keep your bones strong and healthy. Find out more about maintaining your bones strong toprevent falls.

SO WHAT CAN I REALLY DO for My Osteoporosis?

Treating osteoporosis means stopping the bone loss and rebuilding bone to avoid breaks. Healthy lifestyle choices such as for examplehealthy diet,exercise, and medications might help prevent further bone loss and decrease the threat of fractures.

But, changes in lifestyle might not be enough when you have lost lots of bone relative density. Additionally, there are several medicines to take into account. Some will slow your bone loss, among others might help rebuild bone. Talk to your physician to see if medicines my work to take care of your osteoporosis.

Furthermore, youll desire to learnhow exactly to fall-proof your houseand change your life style in order to avoid fracturing fragile bones.

MAY I Avoid Falling?

Whenever your bones are weak, a straightforward fall could cause a broken bone. This may mean a vacation to a healthcare facility and perhaps surgery. It could also mean being laid up for quite a long time, especially regarding a hip fracture. So, it is very important prevent falls.Figure out how to prevent falls.

Do Men Have Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis isn’t just a womans disease. Much less many men own it as women do, maybe because most men focus on more bone relative density. Because they age, men lose bone relative density more slowly than women. But, men have to be alert to osteoporosis.

Experts dont know just as much concerning this disease in men because they do in women. However, most of the items that put men at an increased risk are the identical to those for women, including genealogy, insufficient calcium or vitamin D, and inadequate exercise. Low degrees of testosterone, an excessive amount ofalcohol, taking certain drugs, and smoking are other risk factors.

Older men who break a bone easily or are in risk for osteoporosis shouldtalk to their doctorsabout testing and treatment.

To learn more about osteoporosis, go to theNational Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.


National Institutes of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center


202-466-4315 (TTY)

This article is supplied by the NIH National Institute on Aging (NIA). NIA scientists along with other experts review this article to ensure it really is accurate or more up to now.

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