From Hubble to the James Webb Space Telescope, once you think of the various tools that capture images of space a few of the first examples which come to mind will tend to be space-based telescopes. These telescopes have the benefit of being above the water vapor in Earths atmosphere that may distort readings, and allows them to check out at the universe in great detail. But you can find benefits of ground-based telescopes aswell, such as having the ability to build much bigger structures also to easier upgrade these telescopes with new instruments.
One particular ground-based telescope may be the European Southern Observatory (ESO)s LARGE Telescope. Because the name suggests it really is indeed large, being comprised of four separate telescopes all of which includes an 8.2-meter (27 feet) primary mirror and which interact to check out at space in the visible light and infrared wavelengths. On the telescope named Yepun sits a musical instrument called MUSE, or the Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE), which runs on the technology called adaptive optics to get high-resolution data about regions of space.
ESO recently shared this image taken by the MUSE instrument, showing the beautiful spiral galaxy NGC 4303. This image represents spectroscopy data which includes been colorized showing varying elements which can be found, collected within the Physics at High Angular resolution in Nearby GalaxieS (PHANGS) project. This galaxy is really a type called a starburst galaxy, meaning this is a site of vigorous star formation, and studying it can benefit us find out about how stars are born.
Stars form when clouds of cold gas collapse, ESO explains. The energetic radiation from newly born stars will heat and ionize the encompassing remaining gas. The ionized gas will shine, acting as a beacon of ongoing star formation. In this stunning and jewel-like image, this glowing gas is seen because the whirlpool of gold: the direct traces of stars being born.
The golden glow is because combining observations taken at different wavelengths of light with the Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) instrument on ESOs LARGE Telescope (VLT) in Chile. Here gas clouds of ionized oxygen, hydrogen, and sulfur are shown in blue, green, and red, respectively.
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