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Study: Threat of colorectal cancer rises for men who eat ‘ultra-processed’ foods

Men who eat a lot of ultra-processed foods, such as sausage, face a 29% higher risk for developing colorectal cancer than men who consume much smaller amounts, new research suggests. File Photo by Kevin Dietsch/UPI | <a href=License Photo” height=”533″ src=”https://cdnph.upi.com/svc/sv/upi/9131661970159/2022/1/9721c37a9a6cd3241d90a06d45bdef98/Study-Risk-of-colorectal-cancer-rises-for-men-who-eat-ultra-processed-foods.jpg” title=”Men who eat plenty of ultra-processed foods, such as for example sausage, face a 29% higher risk for developing colorectal cancer than men who consume much small amounts, new research suggests. File Photo by Kevin Dietsch/UPI | License Photo” width=”800″>

Men who eat plenty of ultra-processed foods, such as for example sausage, face a 29% higher risk for developing colorectal cancer than men who consume much small amounts, new research suggests. File Photo by Kevin Dietsch/UPI | License Photo

Aug. 31 (UPI) — Men eating plenty of ultra-processed foods face a 29% higher risk for developing colorectal cancer than men who consume much small amounts, a big, long-term analysis suggests.

Researchers said they didn’t discover the same association in women, however they aren’t sure why.

Ready-to-eat, ready-to-heat processed food items, from breakfast bars to frozen pizza and packaged sweet snacks — typically saturated in added sugar, oils and fats, and refined starch — now take into account 57% of total daily calories eaten by American adults, they said.

The scientists found the strongest association between colorectal cancer and ultra-processed foods among men originated from meat, poultry or fish-based, ready-to-eat products such as for example sausages, bacon, ham and fish cakes.

The findings from research led by Tufts University and Harvard University were published Wednesday in the British Medical Journal.

Colorectal cancer may be the fourth-most diagnosed cancer in the usa, after lung, breast and prostate cancer, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

Nationwide, 142,462 new cases of colon and rectum cancer, and 51,896 deaths from the illnesses, were reported in 2019, in accordance with the CDC’s latest available data. For each and every 100,000 people, 36 new cases were reported.

On the list of lifestyle factors that could donate to colorectal cancer, the CDC cites an eating plan low in fruit and veggies, a low-fiber, high-fat diet or perhaps a diet saturated in processed meats.

“We began convinced that colorectal cancer may be the cancer most influenced by diet in comparison to other cancer types,” Lu Wang, the study’s lead author and a postdoctoral fellow at Tufts’ Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, said in a news release.

Wang, too, said processed meats, the majority of which belong to the ultra-processed food category, certainly are a strong risk factor for colorectal cancer.

And ultra-processed foods may also be saturated in added sugars and lower in fiber, she said, adding to weight gain and obesity: a recognised risk factor for colorectal cancer.

Higher usage of sugar-sweetened beverages, such as for example soda, fruit-based beverages and sugary milk-based beverages, is of a higher threat of colorectal cancer in men, the analysis found.

The study involved 200,000-plus participants, including roughly 160,000 women and 46,000 men, across three large studies assessing dietary intake, and followed them for a lot more than 25 years.

Over that point period, the researchers documented 1,294 cases of colorectal cancer among men, and 1,922 cases among women.

Each participant completed a questionnaire every four years asking concerning the frequency of these usage of roughly 130 foods. Based on their intake of ultra-processed foods, these were classified into groups which range from lowest to highest consumption.

And the ones in the best consumption category were defined as being probably the most at an increased risk for developing colorectal cancer.

The investigators found differences in the kind of ultra-processed foods eaten by women and men, and noted that not absolutely all ultra-processed foods are equally harmful.

Women, for instance, were found to consume more ultra-processed dairy foods, such as for example yogurt, that could counteract the harmful ramifications of other styles of ultra-processed foods.

And, although ultra-processed foods tend to be connected with poor diet quality, there may be other factors affecting colorectal cancer risk, such as for example food additives and contaminants, the scientists said.

The researchers said they adjusted for factors including race, genealogy of cancer, degree of exercise, smoking status, total alcohol and calorie consumption, aspirin use and menopausal status.

In a 2021 study, the Tufts researchers discovered that ultra-processed foods comprised 67% of the full total calorie consumption of children and adolescents in 2018, up from 61% in 1999.

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