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The Hydrogen Stream: Worlds first offshore green hydrogen pilot in France

Lhyfe has started an 18-month offshore green hydrogen pilot project in France, while SSAB, LKAB, and Vattenfall have commissioned a pilot facility to store fossil-free hydrogen gas in Sweden. The EU and US, meanwhile, have both announced progress on policy measures to aid hydrogen.

Lhyfe has launched the world’s first offshore renewable green hydrogen production demonstrator. Sealhyfe can produce around 400 kg of renewable green hydrogen each day, equal to 1MW of power, said the France-based hydrogen producer. The 18-month wind-powered pilot in Saint-Nazaire, France, will operate close to the shore for the initial half a year, before it really is moved to a niche site 20 kilometers off the coast of Le Croisic. The project will undoubtedly be installed significantly less than 1 km from the floating wind mill. It’ll use wind capacity to pump, desalinate and purify seawater. The platform, produced by Geps Techno, will operate automatically. Plug Power supplied the electrolyzer. By 2030-35, offshore could represent yet another installed capacity of around 3 GW for Lhyfe. The business collaborated on the project with Chantiers de L’Atlantique, the Port of Saint-Nazaire, Kraken Subsea Solutions, Pays de la Loire Region, and French energy and environment agency ADEME.

SSAB, LKAB, and Vattenfall have commissioned the HYBRIT pilot facility, that may store fossil-free hydrogen gas in Lule, Sweden. The rock cavern storage facility may be the to begin its kind on earth for storing fossil-free hydrogen gas, wrote Vattenfall. After initial pressure tests with water in June, the 100-cubic-meter storage facility was filled up with hydrogen gas and reached a maximum operating pressure of 250 bar. The two-year test period will continue with test campaigns to get data until 2024. HYBRIT technology will undoubtedly be useful for the production of fossil-free sponge iron on a big scale at an initial demonstration facility in Gllivare, said Lars Ydreskog, director of strategic projects at LKAB.

cole polytechnique fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL) researchers are suffering from a bulk heterojunction photocathode that may reduce water to hydrogen in a pH 9 electrolyte by organic semiconductor selection and replace the traditional metal oxide hole transporting layer having an organic self-assembled monolayer charge selective layer. The optimized photocathode produces a photocurrent density of >4 mA cm2at 0V vs the reversible hydrogen electrode (VRHE) for solar water reduction with noticeable operational stability (retaining 90% of the original performance over 6h) at pH 9, the researchers wrote in A NATURAL Semiconductor Photoelectrochemical Tandem Cell for Solar Water Splitting, that was recently published in Advanced Energy Materials. Combining the optimized BHJ photocathode with a benchmark BHJ photoanode results in the demonstration of a large-area (2.4 cm2) organic photoelectrochemical tandem cell for complete solar water splitting, with a predicted solar-to-hydrogen (STH) conversion efficiency of 0.8%, said the researchers.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) says that the power crisis has expanded fascination with hydrogen, but wider policy support is required to drive new uses in heavy industry and long-distance transport. The encouraging developments in hydrogen technologies that may support the clean energy transition include an expected sixfold increase by 2025 in global manufacturing capacity of electrolysers, which are essential to create low-emissions hydrogen from renewable electricity, wrote the IEA in its yearly Global Hydrogen Review. Global capacity to manufacture electrolyzers now stands at 8 GW each year, but predicated on industry announcements, it might exceed 60 GW per year by 2030. If electrolyzer projects in the offing are completed and the planned scaling up in manufacturing capacities occurs, costs could fall by around 70% by 2030 weighed against today, said the IEA. If all projects now in the offing arrived at fruition, the production of low-emission hydrogen could reach 16 million to 24 million tons each year by 2030, with an increase of than 1 / 2 of it via electrolyzers running on renewable energy, it said.

Rethink Technology Research says that hydrogen transportation costs could possibly be more important than production costs in defining the quantity of hydrogen consumed globally. Importing hydrogen to resource-rich countries will add between $0.50 and $1.86 per kilogram, with respect to the distance and the means by which it could be transported. With distribution accounting for pretty much two-thirds of the ultimate cost of hydrogen to the client, these delivery mechanisms will dictate competition through the entire hydrogen market, the consulting company wrote. Its report shows that pipelines and liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHC) will dominate the continuing future of hydrogen trade.

THE UNITED STATES Department of Energy (DoE) hasopened applications for a $7 billion program to generate regional clean hydrogen hubs (H2Hubs) over the USA. The project is area of the $8 billion hydrogen hub program funded through President Joe Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. The DoE aims to choose six to 10 hubs. Concept papers are due by Nov. 7, 2022, and full applications are due by April 7, 2023.

The European Commission has approved another Important Project of Common European Interest to aid research, industrial deployment, and construction of relevant infrastructure in the hydrogen value chain. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, holland, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, and Sweden are taking part in the project, and can benefit from around 5.2 billion in public areas support. We shall can also increase our financial participation in Important Projects of Common European Interest, said Commission President Ursula von der Leyen.

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