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Why get back to the Moon?

The United States is returning to the Moon 60 years after JFK's famous speech
AMERICA is time for the Moon 60 years after JFK’s famous speech.

On September 12, 1962, then US president John F Kennedy informed the general public of his intend to put a guy on the Moon by the finish of the decade.

It had been the height of the Cold War and America needed a large victory to show its space superiority following the Soviet Union had launched the initial satellite and put the initial man in orbit.

“We elect to go directly to the Moon,” Kennedy told 40,000 people at Rice University, “because that challenge is one which we are ready to accept, one we have been unwilling to postpone, and something which we plan to win.”

Sixty years on, america is approximately to launch the initial mission of its return program to the Moon, Artemis. But why repeat what was already done?

Criticism has risen recently, for instance from Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins, and the Mars Society founder Robert Zubrin, who’ve long advocated for America to go right to Mars.

But NASA argues re-conquering the Moon is crucial before a vacation to the Red Planet. Here’s why.

Long space missions

NASA really wants to create a sustainable human presence on the Moon, with missions lasting weeks – in comparison to only a few days for Apollo.

The target: to raised learn how to plan a multi-year round visit to Mars.

In , radiation is a lot more intense and poses a genuine threat to health.

Low Earth Orbit, where in fact the International Space Station (ISS) operates, is partly shielded from radiation by the Earth’s magnetic field, which isn’t the case on the Moon.

"We choose to go to the Moon," Kennedy told 40,000 people at Rice University, "because that challenge is one that
“We elect to go directly to the Moon,” Kennedy told 40,000 people at Rice University, “because that challenge is one which we are ready to accept, one we have been unwilling to postpone, and something which we plan to win”

From the initial Artemis mission, many experiments are planned to review the impact of the radiation on living organisms, also to measure the effectiveness of an anti-radiation vest.

Also, as the ISS can frequently be resupplied, trips to the Moona thousand times furtherare a lot more complex.

In order to avoid needing to take everything using them, also to save costs, NASA really wants to learn to utilize the resources present at first glance.

Specifically, water by means of ice, which includes been confirmed to exist on the , could possibly be transformed into by cracking it into its separate hydrogen and .

Testing new gear

NASA also really wants to pilot on the Moon the technologies that may continue steadily to evolve on Mars. First, new spacesuits for spacewalks.

Their design was entrusted to the business Axiom Space for the initial that may land on the Moon, in 2025 at the initial.

Other needs: vehicles both pressurized and unpressurizedso that the astronauts can maneuver around, in addition to habitats.

Finally, for sustainable usage of a power source, NASA is focusing on the development of portable nuclear fission systems.

Solving any issues that arise will undoubtedly be easier on the Moon, just a few days away, than on Mars, that may only be reached in at the very least almost a year.

ASA also wants to test on the Moon the technologies that will continue to evolve on Mars
ASA also really wants to test on the Moon the technologies which will continue steadily to evolve on Mars.

Establishing a waypoint

A significant pillar of the Artemis program may be the construction of an area station in orbit round the Moon, called Gateway, that may serve as a relay prior to the visit to Mars.

All of the necessary equipment could be sent there in “multiple launches,” before finally being joined by the crew to create off on the long voyage, Sean Fuller, in charge of the Gateway program, told AFP.

“Similar to you’re stopping at your gas station to ensure you get everything, and you’re off on the way.”

Maintaining leadership over China

Aside from Mars, another reason submit by the Americans for buying the Moon would be to do so prior to the Chinese, who intend to send taikonauts by the entire year 2030.

China may be the United States’ main competition today because the once proud Russian program has withered.

“We don’t want China suddenly getting there and saying, “That is our exclusive territory,'” NASA boss Bill Nelson said in a recently available interview.

With regard to science

As the Apollo missions cut back to Earth nearly 400 kilograms of lunar rock, new samples can make it possible to help expand deepen our understanding of this celestial object and its own formation.

“The samples that people collected through the Apollo missions changed just how we view our solar system,” astronaut Jessica Meir told AFP. “I believe we are able to expect that from the Artemis program aswell.”

She expects further scientific and technological breakthroughs too, exactly like through the Apollo era.



2022 AFP

Citation: Why get back to the Moon? (2022, September 10) retrieved 11 September 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-09-moon.html

This document is at the mercy of copyright. Aside from any fair dealing for the intended purpose of private study or research, no part could be reproduced minus the written permission. This content is provided for information purposes only.

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